Dachshund Dog Breed Profile
Dachshunds are scenthound breeds that are bred to hunt badgers, as well as other tunneling animals, such as rabbits and foxes. The hunters even utilized packs of Dachshunds for tracking wild boar. They are great pets for family members as well as show dogs—small-game hunters.
But don’t let this puppy fool you. The dogs of this breed could be, as the legendary humorist and literary critic H. Mencken said, “half a dog high and half a dog long.. Mencken once said, “half a dog high and a dog half-long,” but this tiny drop-eared dog is strong enough to fight the badger. This is the reason they’re named (Dachs meaning badger and”hund” meaning dog).
But, you might recognize them through one of their many nicknames, like Wiener-Dog, Sausage Dog, Doxie, and more. If you’re looking for a pet that keeps you alert and lavishes you with affection, then this could be the right breed for you. Opt for adoption if you are able!
It is important to keep in mind that dogs of all breeds are susceptible to ailments all through their life. A solid pet insurance plan will help you plan to provide your dog with the medical attention they require at any time.
Below is a comprehensive list of characteristics of dogs and information about Dachshunds!
More Info About This Breed
Dachshunds (pronounced DAKS hund — never dash-hound) are available in three different varieties of smooth (shorthaired) wirehaired, smooth (shorthaired), and longhaired. Within the United States, Dachshunds are either miniature (11 pounds or less as an adult) or regular (usually around 16 to 32 pounds when the adult). If the Dachshund you have is between 16 pounds, he’s known as a”tweenie. Different countries have a larger variation in dimensions. For instance, in Germany, where Dachshunds’ official places of birth, Dachshunds are classified into three categories: Standard, Miniature, or Kaninchenteckel according to an examination of the chest at the age of 15 months.
Whatever their size, Dachshunds can be delightful members of any family. This is the reason they’ve been near the top of the most popular dog lists in the early 1950s. Their adorable appearance and lively personality have led to many loving names for the breed, such as wiener or hot sausage dogs, hot dogs, Doxie, Dashie, and (especially in Germany) Teckels Dachels, or Dachsels.
It’s hard not to smile when you see an ebullient Dachshund proudly carrying his massive, long body on his short legs. His elongated head is elevated with a powerful eye. He has sharp, intelligent eyes. Due to their humorous look, Dachshunds have long been popular with cartoonists and toy manufacturers. However, their adorable design was created for more practical and serious reasons. The short legs of Dachshunds allow them to dig and move through tunnels to corner and combat badgers and other animals. Their big chests provide ample “heart” to fight. Dachshunds are courageous. However, they can be a bit stubborn and possess an independent spirit, particularly when they hunt.
When you’re at home, the dog’s playful side can be seen. He is a lover of being near you and “helping” with such things as tieing shoes. Due to his intellect and innate ability, he often has his thoughts regarding what rules to follow regarding playtime. These rules might differ from yours or any of the other dog breeds. Dachshunds are well-known for being active and love to chase small animals, birds, as well as toys. The breed standard is an outline of how a Dachshund should appear and behave most likely describes their personality the best by stating that “the Dachshund is smart active, energetic, and brave even to the point of rashness as they persevere in both activities both above and below the ground and with all their senses fully developed. The appearance of shyness is an extremely dangerous flaw.”
Dachshunds have beautiful eyes and complex facial expressions. Their lungs are big for a dog of this size, and they also have a barrel-shaped chest. Because of this, Dachshunds can be heard with an intense, loud bark that sounds like larger dogs. They do, however, love to bark. This could be something to think about if you have neighbors who are likely to be annoyed and not delighted by the antics and antics of your courageous small Dachshund.
Dachshunds tend to bond with one person. They might even be attracted to their owners’ attention. They can, when not socialized and trained properly, and they can be irritable.
Smooth Dachshunds tend to be the most well-known breed within the United States. Their coats are shiny and short and require minimal grooming. However, they do need a jacket in winter if you reside in an area that experiences cold winter weather. The most common colors are red cream, black and tan chocolate and black, blue and tan, and Isabella (fawn) and tan. Dachshunds can also have patterns on their coats, including Dapple (a swirled coat design) and brindle. They also have sable and piebald.
Longhaired Dachshunds have smooth, slightly wavy hair. They can have the same color as those of the Smooth Dachshund. They need to be groomed every day to avoid mats growing, particularly around their ears and elbows. There is a belief that the longhaired dog is a gentler personality than Smooth and Wirehair.
Wirehaired Dachshunds are characterized by their small, dense rough coats that have bushy eyebrows and beards. As with Smooth Dachshunds, they often are playful. They don’t require a coat during winter, but they must be regularly brushed to avoid mats from developing. The coat colors can be identical to that of the smooth Dachshund, and the most well-known shades within the United States are wild boar (a mix of brown, black, and gray) with brown and black, and many colors of red.
Dachshunds frequently have been regarded as an image of Germany. Because of this, Dachshunds lost popularity in the United States during World War I and World War II. However, their appeal was too strong not to resist, and they soon made a comeback in popularity. Due to the connection with Germany, the Dachshund Waldi was selected to be an official symbol during the 1972 Summer Olympics.
Dachshunds are an excellent choice for apartment dwellers as well as those who don’t have a yard. They are very popular with urban dwellers due to their compact dimensions and ease to care. They are generally active indoors and like to go for walks. But be cautious and don’t let them become too big or cause injury to their backs by falling off furniture. Also, make sure you hold their backs in place when you hold them. Because of their backs’ long lengths, they are prone to be slipped on or ruptured (herniated) disks within their backs. This could cause full or partial paralysis.
While they were originally designed for hunting badgers and other animals, Today, Dachshunds make an excellent pet for families. In addition, many people exhibit them in obedience, conformation agility, field trials, and earth dog tests. They also work hard and are highly-loved therapy dogs. Many people participate to participate in Dachshund races, for instance, those at the Wiener Nationals. While these races are very well-known, however, they are not a priority for the Dachshund Club of America is against “wiener racing” because there are many Greyhound tracks that make use of these events to draw huge crowds and because the DCA fears that these races may cause injuries to Dachshunds their backs.
Due to their status as an incredibly popular breed, breeders breed Dachshunds for money rather than a passion for the species or a desire to produce healthy, balanced dogs. Make sure to purchase your Dachshund from an experienced breeder who has screened their breeding animals for temperament and health issues.
The Dachshund is an adaptable pet. With his wide range of sizes, colors, coat designs, colors, and personalities, there’s a Dachshund that will suit nearly every person.
Dachshunds are a bit resistant and difficult to housebreak. Crate-training is highly recommended.
Dachshunds have shrewd and intelligent dogs that possess an independent spirit and an innate sense of fun. Due to this, they are prone to being a bit naughty. Be calm, firm, and consistent when teaching them.
Since they were created to hunt, they may exhibit certain behaviors closely related to hunting. The breed was designed for digging burrows of badgers, and that instinct could lead to exploring through your dahlias instead. They were designed to be persistent in their hunts, which can cause them to continue asking you for a sweet treat. They were raised to hunt but also kill their prey. In your home, your “prey” is likely to be the Dachshund’s toys, and they will “kill” them one after another.
Dachshunds are loud and long barks that are typical for dogs their size. And they aren’t afraid to bark!
If you do not keep an eye on the signs, your Dachshund may become overweight as well as lazy. This can cause more stress on his delicate back. Make sure you monitor your Dachshund’s diet and ensure that he is at an appropriate weight.
Dachshunds can be prone to discs that are slipping in their backs. This could cause complete or partial paralysis. Do not let them leap from high points, and when you pet them, ensure that you keep their backs.
Your Dachshund could be a single-person dog. He may be a bit skeptical of strangers. Therefore, it’s essential to get him socialized when you are an infant.
Do not purchase puppies from an unreliable breeding facility, puppy mill, or pet retailer for a healthy and happy pet.
The Dachshund was developed in Germany, where the name badger referred to him. The word dachs refers to badger, and the word “hund” means dog. Illustrations of dogs that resemble Dachshunds are from the 15th century. documents dating to the 16th century refer to the “earth dog,” badger creeper,” along with “Rachel.” Badger wasn’t the only Dachshund’s prey. The dog also hunted the den animals like foxes and packs of Dachshunds walked alongside by wild boar. The early Dachshunds were varied in terms of size. The dogs chased on boars and badgers were weighed from thirty to three hundred pounds. Deer hunted dachshunds, foxes weighed between 16-22 pounds, and smaller 12-pound Dachshunds hunted weasels and hares. There was a brief period in the 20th century, 5-pound Dachshunds were employed to capture cottontail rabbits.
The breed was also known globally as Teckel in Germany; The breed was developed throughout seasons by German foresters between the 19th and 18th centuries. They sought to create an elongated, fearless dog that could dig up burrows of badgers, and enter the caves and fight the badger to death in the event of need. Smooths were the breed that was developed. Smooths were the first type developed through crossbreeding with one of the breeds, Braque, a tiny French pointer breed, and the Pinscher, a small terrier Ratter. French Basset Hounds may also have been involved in the development of the Dachshund. The long-coated Dachshunds are likely to have been born through crosses between various spaniels, and wirehairs were created through crosses with Terriers.
With care through the many generations of breeding, Dachshund is the one AKC recognized breed to hunt on and below the ground. Their powerful, short legs allowed Dachshunds to explore small deep tunnels to hunt their prey. The long, strong tails, which extended straight from the spine, allowed hunters to have a “handle” to help pull their Dachshund out of its burrow. The Dachshund’s huge and paddle-shaped paws were ideal for digging efficiently. The soft, smooth skin of the Dachshund did not tear when the dog moved through the small caves. Their chests were deep, their lung capacity provided them with the endurance to hunt, and their long noses allowed them to be great scent hunters. Their loud, deep bark was a sign of a purpose – to help the hunter locate his pet after it was sucked into the burrow.
Of course, they needed to be brave and persistent. While the German Dachshunds of the past were bigger than the Dachshunds we have to be today, you can witness the courage with the breed that was created even in the smallest of species. You can give your squeaky dog toys, and he’ll probably “kill” the toy by breaking the squeaker as fast as feasible. Remember that they were not created solely to hunt prey but also to kill it.
As the 1900s progressed, Dachshunds were raised mostly as pets rather than hunter breeds, particularly within Great Britain. They were a favorite at royal court all over Europe, including Queen Victoria, a particular admirer of the species. In response to this trend, they were gradually diminished by around 10 pounds. Then, a smaller size known as the miniature Dachshund was created.
The breed standard for Dachshunds was developed in 1879. In 1885 Dachshunds have made their way to America, and eleven were registered by the American Kennel Club that year. In 1889, the German Dachshund Club was founded nine years later 1888. The first was named Dash. It was later called the Dachshund Club of America was formed ten years later in 1895.
The breed was popular in the early 1900s, and between 1913 and 1914, they were among the top 10 well-known entries at the Westminster Kennel Club Show. The breed was popular during World War I. However, the breed was hit with difficult circumstances in the U.S. and England because they were closely linked to Germany. Dachshund owners were sometimes branded traitors, and their dogs were stoned. Following World War I, some U.S. breeders imported some Dachshunds from Germany, and the breed began to gain popularity. The breed suffered the same fate in World War II, but not as severely as in World War I.
Since the 50s, the Dachshund became an extremely sought-after dog breed across the U.S. again, a status they’ve enjoyed ever since. Although Dachshunds are not hunted throughout their native U.S. or Great Britain, In other parts of Europe and particularly France, they are considered hunting dogs. The Dachshund is ranked sixth out of breeds of 155 that are recognized in the AKC.
Dachshunds can be bred and displayed with two different size categories: Standard and Miniature. Standard Dachshunds of all kinds (Smooth Wirehair, Smooth Longhair) generally weigh between 16 to 32 pounds. Miniature Dachshunds from all breeds weigh between 11 and 11 pounds at the time of their maturity. Dachshunds that weigh 11 to 16 pounds or less are known as Tweenies. Although it’s not an official designation, Tweenies aren’t disqualified from the show rings. Certain breeders with small Dachshunds market their dogs by calling them Toy Dachshunds, but this is just a marketing term and not a recognized title.
A Dachshund can be described as smart, energetic, active, and brave, even to the point of recklessness. The breed is bred to be persevering. That’s another way of saying the dog is stubborn. Dachshunds are known for being awe-inspiring and adventurous; however, what they want most is to snuggle with their companions. For many Dachshunds, this attribute is far more appealing than having to contend with the breed’s insistence on having their style. The Dachshund personality can vary depending on the coat type. Because wirehaired Dachshunds are terrier-like in their surroundings, they could be troublemakers who are a bit naughty. Longhairs are quiet, and calm Smooths are personalities that are somewhere between. Mini Dachshunds may be timid or nervous, but this isn’t the case with the breed’s temperament. Do not breed puppies that exhibit these traits.
Temperament is influenced by many elements, including heredity training and socialization. Puppy with good characters is playful and curious. They are willing to interact with individuals and be loved by them. Pick the middle-of-the-road puppy, not the one beating his littermates or sitting at the back of the room. Always make sure to meet at least one parent-usually mothers are the ones that are accessible- to ensure they’re a good temperament that you are comfortable with. Being able to see siblings or other family members of the parents is also useful in assessing the puppy’s personality as he grows older.
Like every dog, Dachshunds need early socialization exposure to many different people, sights, sounds, and experiences when they’re young. Socialization can ensure that your puppy will grow into an intelligent dog. Inscribing him into the Kindergarten class for puppies is an excellent beginning. Hosting visitors regularly and taking him out to bustling parks, shops that permit dogs, and on walks to chat with neighbors will help him develop his social abilities.
Some Dachshunds are not susceptible to all or any of these ailments. It’s nevertheless important to be aware in the event you’re thinking of adopting this breed.
Intervertebral Disc Disease (IVDD): Dachshunds are especially prone to developing back issues. It could be caused by genetics, moving in the wrong direction, falling, or jumping onto or off furniture. Signs of a problem could include:
It is essential to hold your Dachshund’s back as well as rear when you have him. Treatment could range from crate confinement using anti-inflammatory drugs or surgery to eliminate discs that cause the issue or even restricting your dog in a wheelchair. Many owners have discovered that they can ward away problems by going with the Dachshunds on acupuncturists and chiropractors or rehabilitation therapists with worked with dogs for a long time.
Epilepsy Dachshunds can be prone to having seizures that are epileptic. When dogs are affected, it is believed that the cause is caused by genetics or as an outcome of a fall or a strike to the head. If you suspect that your Dachshund is experiencing seizures, bring the dog to your veterinarian to determine appropriate treatments. In most cases, epilepsy is controlled by medications.
Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA) can be a degenerative disease that can lead to blindness due to a lack of retinal photoreceptors in the rear of the eyes. PRA can be detected years before the dog displays any symptoms of blindness. It is good to know that dogs have different senses to make up for their blindness. A blind dog can lead happily and in full enjoyment. Be careful not to do it regularly and move furniture around. Reputable breeders keep their pets’ eyes tested every year by a veterinary eye doctor and should not breed dogs suffering from this disease. A DNA test to determine PRA will be available to miniature-haired Dachshunds.
The gastric dilatation-volvulus (GDV), Sometimes referred to as Bloat or Torsion, is a serious condition typically affecting large dogs. However, due to their deep chests, they can also be affected by Dachshunds. GDV happens when the stomach becomes bloated with air or gas, then twists (torsion). The dog cannot make a burp or vomit to eliminate the air trapped in its stomach, and the normal flow of blood back to the heart is hindered. The blood pressure decreases, and the dog enters shock. This is an emergency medical condition. If you don’t seek immediate medical attention, the dog can end up dying. Beware of bloat when your dog is suffering from an abdomen that is swollen, frequently retching, and salivating without vomiting. The dog may also be depressed, restless, inactive, and weak, with an increased heart rate. It is essential to take your dog to a vet whenever you can. There is evidence that suggests the tendency to GDV is an inheritance.
Cushing’s Disease (Hyperadrenocorticism): This condition occurs when the body produces too much cortisol. It could be caused by an imbalance within the pituitary, adrenal gland, or when the dog is overloaded with cortisol due to other issues. The most frequent symptoms are excessive urination and drinking too much. If you notice that your Dachshund has these symptoms, then take him to the vet. Some treatments can help in this case, from the removal of glands to medication.
Canine Diabetes Mellitus (D.M.): Diabetes is occasionally seen in Dachshunds, particularly when overweight. The diabetes treatment is regular insulin injections and diet. The signs include frequent urination, weight loss, and thirst, even with a fierce appetite.
Hearing loss is not typical in this breed, but it is present in double Dapple Dachshunds. Check if the puppy and the parents of the puppy were BAER (Brainstem Auditory Evoked Response) examined to determine if they had hearing problems. This test is not offered in every area. However, it is offered at many large specialist practices as well as teaching hospitals in vet schools. This can be done at any time after the puppy has reached at least five weeks of age.
Breeders can issue health certificates for canines, but these aren’t available to dogs under two years old. Because some health issues do not manifest until the time a dog is at full maturity. This is why it’s generally recommended that dogs are not bred until they’re at least two years old.
Whatever your dog is when you bring them home, it is important to prepare for any problems that could arise during their lives. Insurance for your pet will help you be ready for any medical requirements.
Dachshunds are incredibly athletic and have plenty of endurance and energy. They enjoy taking a walk or enjoy playing outdoors with other dogs. Additionally, they love to hunt and dig. They also enjoy being active in the home and can thrive in smaller living spaces as long as they get adequate exercise each day. Two half-mile walks every daily (about 10-minutes each) is enough. Sometimes, when you’re short on time and are bored, a game of catch is a great way to fill their needs to be active.
They’re not suitable for living outdoors or in a kennel, but it is best to be in the home. Dachshunds may hurt their backs when jumping onto and off furniture. So, get steps or ramps and teach them how to utilize them to climb onto the couch or bed. If you are holding a Dachshund, be sure to keep his dog’s back and chest.
Dachshunds learn quickly when they are engaged. The Dachshund can soon be bored if they are forced to do the same thing repeatedly. So, do training for obedience engaging and enjoyable. Make positive reinforcements, such as treats or a preferred toy, to keep their interest and make training sessions shorter.
The issue of housetraining can be an issue with this breed. The Dachshund might not understand the need to eliminate the outside. Consistency and patience are essential. Training in the crate is also helpful.
Beyond housetraining, crate-training can be a good method to ensure that your Dachshund isn’t involved in things that he should not. As with all dogs, the Dachshund is prone to being destructive when they’re puppies. Crate training from the age of a puppy will aid in helping your Dachshund to accept confinement if you ever need to be hospitalized or boarded. Do not put your dog in a crate for the entire time, however. It’s not a prison, and he shouldn’t be spending longer than a couple of hours in it unless he’s asleep in the evening. Dachshunds are pets and aren’t bred to live their lives in a cage or a kennel.
The Dachshund is a great watchdog, but he may be loud. Minis, especially, are known to be noisy. Be aware of this when your Dachshund is in an apartment or condominium community.
Daily recommended amount: 1.5 to 1 1/2 cups dry food daily
Be aware that the amount of your dog’s adult diet will depend on the size of your dog and age, as well as his metabolism, build, and activity level. Dogs are individual-like humans and don’t require to eat the same quantity of food. It’s almost obvious that a dog with a lot of energy needs more calories than a couch potato. The quality of the dog food you purchase also makes an impact. The higher the quality of the food is, the more of it’ll be able to nourish your pet, and the less you’ll have to add to the bowl of your dog.
For more information on feeding your Dachshunds, read our recommendations for buying the right food, feeding your puppy, as well as feeding your adult dog.
Grooming and Coloration of the Coat
A Smooth Dachshund’s coat can be short and shiny. Single-colored Smooth Dachshunds typically are cream or red, possibly with black hairs. Two-colored Smooth Dachshunds usually are dark, chocolate, black or wild boar (grizzled) and grey (blue), and Isabella (fawn) with the appearance of cream or tan. Dappled Dachshunds exhibit an ethereal (merle) pattern within their coats, with light and dark-colored areas that are evenly distributed (neither the dark nor the light is predominant). While dark eyes are needed, and a small amount of body hair is appropriate for solid-colored. Part-colored Dachshunds with partially or completely blue eyes and a substantial amount of white hair on the chest can be acceptable for Dappled Dachshunds. Other colors include brindle, where the dark streaks are visible across the body, and sable, with an overall dark layer of hair.
Wirehaired Dachshunds have a distinct coat than Smooth Dachshunds. They are short and have thick hard hair on topcoats, with a soft undercoat. The hard hair on the topcoat is all over the body, except for the eyebrows, jaw, and ears. Although all colors inside the Smooth Dachshund are suitable for Wirehair, The most commonly used shade is the wild boar.
Longhaired Dachshunds shine with glistening, slightly curly hair that creates a beautiful appearance. They are available in the same colors as those found within Smooth Dachshunds.
Light-colored Dachshunds typically have light grey, brown blue, or green eyes rather than the many colors of brown. They also may have eyes with two distinct colors. In some rare instances, they may have a double-dapple pattern (in which different amounts of white coloration occur on the body, in addition to a dapple-like design); dachshunds can have two eyes, a brown and blue eye.
Dachshunds are a breed with low maintenance. The shed isn’t too much. Except for the occasional roll, which smells unpleasant, They don’t have to be bathed frequently and aren’t prone to dog smell. Smooths can be cleaned using a damp cloth in between baths to ensure they are fresh. When you are in a region where it is cold during the winter months, your Smooth Dachshund might need to wear a coat while going out.
Wirehaired Dachshunds need regular brushing and the coat “stripped” at least two or three times each year to ensure they look at their best. The breeder you purchased the Wirehaired Dachshund you have or your groomer for instructions on accomplishing this.
Longhaired Dachshunds need to be groomed often to stop mats from becoming. They should be bathed more frequently in comparison to Smooth Dachshund. Additionally, you need to blow-dry them afterward for their coats to appear nice.
For all breeds, sizes, and breeds of Dachshunds, you must pay close focus on their floppy ears, which could be the perfect source of food for bacteria, fungus, and mites. Cleanse a cotton ball using an ear cleaner suggested by your vet. Then, clean the ears weekly. Do not go further beyond the first finger of your finger. Never place a cotton swab inside the ear of your dog.
Other grooming requirements include dental hygiene and nail care. Cut your Dachshund’s nails every month or once. If you feel them clicking, then they’re long. The sooner you allow your dog to nail trimming, the easier the experience.
Make sure to brush your teeth at least three times per week at least daily to get rid of plaque and bacterial plaque. Begin brushing as soon as your puppy is young so that he’s used to brushing.
While you groom, look for any rashes, sores, or other signs of infection, like tenderness, redness, or swelling in the face, the nose, ears, eyes, mouth, as well as on your feet. Ears should be smelling nice with no excess gunk or wax inside, and eyes should be clear and free of discharge or redness. A regular exam will allow you to spot possible health issues early.
Dachshund With Children and Other Pets
Dachshunds can be a great pet for children within their own families If they are introduced to them early. They might not be as happy with the children’s playmates, and therefore, you should supervise your children’s playtime.
With his large back and a long back, the Dachshund could be prone to injury in the event of improper handling. It is good to establish a rule that children under the age of 5 can only pet or hold the Dachshund while sitting on the ground. Always teach children to interact with dogs and keep them and supervise all interactions between dogs and children to ensure that there aren’t any bites, the pulling of the tailor ear in the other party. Make sure your child is not allowed to contact any dog while they are eating or sleeping or trying to take the dog’s food. Dogs should never be left alone with children.
Dachshunds are great with other pets, particularly when they are introduced to them as puppies. With their strong, dominant personality, they could be the top dog.
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