Chihuahuas are small in size and have big personalities. They also come in a variety of coats and colors. Experts recommend them as one of the top ten watchdogs.
These dogs are purebred, but you might still find them in rescues or shelters. Adopt! If you are looking to bring a dog home, don’t shop.
Chihuahuas are very affectionate and love being with their owners, even new pet parents. They require little grooming and exercise. They are great apartment dogs and will get along well with all the family. Make sure that children are able to play with small dogs.
Learn More about this Breed
The Chihuahua is a hot little tamale, and this is not only because of his association to a Mexican fast-food restaurant. Although he is the world’s smallest dog he could also have the largest personality. He is loved by both men and women for his larger-than-life personality.
Chihuahuas are active and fun-loving, and they love being close to their family. They ride in their totes with their owners when they go on errands and shop. Chihuahuas can form close bonds with one person and can be very demanding if they are overindulged.
Chihuahuas can be affectionate housemates and are quick learners and intelligent. They are able to compete in obedience and agility trials with the same enthusiasm and success as larger dogs. They are willful, however. They will be more successful if they are able to see that competition, or just doing what you ask, is fun. Positive reinforcement can be used to train your Chihuahua. This could include praise or food rewards. He will not respond to harsh treatment.
When considering the Chihuahua, it is important to consider his small stature. Chihuahuas can be bold and curious, which makes them explorers. They can fit in places where other dogs and puppies wouldn’t be able, and have been known to escape from yards through gaps in fences. They can also be injured accidentally by larger, more boisterous dogs.
Chihuahuas should not be kept in homes with children younger than eight years of age because they can be injured by young children. No matter what your family circumstances, it is important to socialize your Chihuahua with children, adults, or other animals. Chihuahuas can be distrustful of strangers which makes them excellent watchdogs. However, they must learn to interact with people in a friendly way. Remember that Chihuahuas can forget their small size and be aggressive towards larger dogs. This means the Chihuahua must be supervised in all new situations.
The Chihuahua is a unique companion who can go anywhere with you because of his personality and size. Many people who live with Chihuahuas are devoted to them and will never be able to live without one.
Look for a Chihuahua breeder that offers health clearances for heart conditions and patellas. The Chihuahua breed is long-lived; you can expect to take care of him for as much as 18 years. Chihuahuas can shiver when they’re scared, excited, cold or just plain nervous. When he is outdoors in cold or rainy weather, provide a sweater or coat for your Chihuahua. Chihuahuas are often hostile to other dogs if they haven’t been socialized as young puppies. Chihuahuas are not afraid to approach other dogs, which can lead to problems if they come across an aggressive dog.
Your Chihuahua should never be left unattended in your yard. He may be attacked by a hawk or other birds of prey or larger dogs and coyotes.
Chihuahuas are reserved around strangers. You should choose a puppy who was whelped in a home that has a lot of interaction with humans.
Chihuahuas can be dangerous for children with young siblings. Chihuahuas can be injured by toddlers playing with them. Breeders will not sell puppies to children under eight years of age.
Chihuahuas love to be companions but need 20-30 minutes of exercise each day and can stay for longer than you would expect. Keep an eye on your Chihuahua when he is a puppy to make sure he isn’t getting bored.
Chihuahuas are larger than life personalities. They will take over your life if they’re allowed to. If their food is not carefully controlled, they can be destructive and finicky eaters. You need to establish ground rules and follow them. Otherwise, you might find yourself unable to sit comfortably because your pet is telling you to.
Never buy a puppy from a pet shop, puppy mill, backyard breeder or pet store if you want to have a healthy pet. A reputable breeder will test her breeding dogs for temperament and genetic health.
The origins of the Chihuahua are unknown, as are many other breeds. However, there are two possible theories. First, he is a descendant of the Techichi, a South American or Central American dog.
We can see the Toltec civilization when we examine the evidence that the Chihuahua came from Central and South America. Toltec carvings date back to the 9th Century C.E. These carvings depict a Chihuahua-like dog with large ears and a round head. Techichi was the name of these dogs, but their purpose in Toltec civilization remains a mystery.
The Aztecs conquered Toltecs and incorporated the Techichi into their culture. Many of these dogs were kept in Aztec temples and used in Aztec rituals. Techichi were believed to have mystic powers by the Aztecs, which included the ability to see the future and heal the sick. They also had the ability to safely guide the spirits of the dead into the underworld. A red Techichi was usually killed and buried with the remains. The Techichi was also used by the Aztecs as food and pelts. In the 1500s, the Spanish conquered Aztecs. The Techichi was then lost to history.
Another theory states that small, hairless dogs from China were brought to Mexico and bred with native dogs. No matter which theory you believe, the short-haired Chihuahua that we all know today was found in Mexico in 1850. He was born in Chihuahua. The little dogs were brought home by American visitors to Mexico. They were first shown in 1890. In 1904, a Chihuahua named Midget was the first to register his breed with the American Kennel Club. Longhaired dogs were probably created by crossings with Papillons and Pomeranians. Popularity of the breed grew in the 1930s and 40s when it was associated to Xavier Cugat, a Latin music leader and dance king.
The Chihuahua is one of the most beloved breeds that the AKC has registered since the 1960s. They rank 11th out of the 155 varieties and breeds the AKC recognizes today.
A typical Chihuahua is 3 to 6 pounds. Although smaller Chihuahuas are more healthy than those that are larger, they are still quite healthy. Chihuahuas may also be large, some weighing in at 12 pounds or more. These dogs can be a good choice for families with young children.
Chihuahuas are bold and confident, often compared to terriers. He is a great watchdog because of his alertness and suspicion of strangers. He is sensitive and thrives upon companionship and affection.
Chihuahuas can often be bonded to one person but will make friends with anyone who introduces them. They can be reserved initially. Chihuahuas are often timid if not socialized properly as puppies.
Chihuahuas, like all dogs, need to be socialized early in their lives. This means that they should be exposed to different people, sounds and experiences. Socialization is key to ensuring that your Chihuahua puppy grows into a well-rounded dog.
Although the Chihuahua does not have any serious health issues, he is susceptible to certain diseases and conditions. Although not all Chihuahuas will be affected by these diseases, it is important to be educated so that you can interview breeders and know what to expect throughout the life of your Chihuahua.
A responsible breeder will ensure you receive the best Chihuahua. Before you bring home a puppy from a trusted Chihuahua breeder, he will have him vaccinated. Responsible breeders only use physically healthy, mature dogs (at least two years old) and check their breeding stock for any genetic diseases relevant to the breed such as luxating patellas (bum-knees) or heart disease.
Both parents should have health certificates, which are proof that the dog has been cleared and tested for a specific condition. Chihuahuas should receive health clearances from Orthopedic Foundation for Animals for heart disease and patellas. Check the OFA website (offa.org) to confirm that health clearances have been granted.
Dogs under 2 years old are not eligible for health clearances. Because some health issues don’t manifest until the dog is fully grown, it’s not possible to issue health clearances for dogs younger than two years. It is recommended that dogs are not bred before they reach two- or three years of age.
These conditions could affect Chihuahuas in the following ways:
Patellar Luxation is also known as “slipped stiffles” and is common in small dogs. This happens when the patella, which is composed of three parts-the patella (kneecap), patella (thigh bone), and tibia/calf-is not correctly aligned. It can cause lameness or abnormal gait. This is similar to a skip or hop. Although it is an inherited condition, the actual misalignment of luxation is not always present until much later. Patellar luxation can cause arthritis, which is a degenerative joint condition. There are four types of patellar dysfunction. Grade I is a rare luxation that causes temporary lameness. Grade IV is when the patella can’t be manually realigned. This causes the dog to appear sloppy. Surgery may be required for severe cases of patellar deluxation.
Hypoglycemia is a problem for all toy-breed puppies. This is the toy breed I have listed. Toys are different from small dogs. This is like the difference between Chihuahuas, yorkies, beagles, and mini dachshunds. Although hypoglycemia can be treated in its early stages, it can become fatal if left untreated. Breeders and owners should be aware of the symptoms and signs in order to avoid being misdiagnosed by vets as viral hepatitis and encephalitis. Hypoglycemia can cause a puppy to become listless and trembling. Put honey on his tongue and take him to the vet right away. If this continues, your Chihuahua will eventually become a convulsive, collapsed, or fall into a coma. If your Chihuahua’s tongue and gums are grayish-blue, limp or have yellowish-blue markings, it is an emergency. Hypoglycemia is a condition in which toy puppies don’t have enough fat to provide adequate glucose during stressful situations or when they don’t eat enough.
Heart murmurs: A disturbance in blood flow through the heart chambers can cause heart murmurs. These murmurs are a sign that the heart needs to be checked and treated for any disease or condition. Heart murmurs can be categorized based on how loud they are. One is very soft, five is very loud. A diagnosis of disease through x-rays or an echocardiogram may indicate that the dog needs medication and a reduced amount of exercise.
Pulmonic Stenosis is a congenital heart condition that causes blood to stop flowing properly. The pulmonic valve, which is malformed, can cause an obstruction. This causes the heart to work harder, and may lead to heart failure. The severity of the condition will determine the treatment. Mild cases will not require treatment if there is little to no obstruction. Surgery is recommended for dogs with severe disease. However, the process varies depending on where the obstruction is located.
Collapsed Trachea. Although it isn’t clear how this happens, rapid inhalation causes the trachea flattening and makes it difficult to breathe. It is similar to a soda straw being dragged on too hard. It can be passed down from one generation to another. Dogs with this condition have a chemical abnormality that causes their tracheal rings to lose their stiffness, and their circular shape to change.
Hydrocephalus (Cerebrospinal fluid, also known as Cerebrospinal Fluid, can build up in the brain due to a congenital defect or obstruction. It may also be the result of trauma at birth that puts pressure on the brain. If the head appears swollen, or enlarged it can be confirmed by an ultrasound. Hydrocephalus is not curable, but steroids may be used to reduce fluid pressure in mild cases. To divert fluid from your brain to your abdomen, a shunt is also an option. A Chihuahua with severe cases will usually die before the age of four months.
Open Fontanel: Chihuahuas have a soft spot at the top of their heads when they are born. The soft spot will usually close, just like a baby’s. However, sometimes it won’t close completely. These dogs should be treated with care. A head injury can cause death.
Shivering: Chihuahuas are known to shiver frequently. It is not clear why they shiver/tremble, but it is usually caused by excitement, stress, or cold.
Despite his small size, the Chihuahua needs to be exercised and trained. It is amazing how much energy an adult Chihuahua can have. He will chase squirrels around the yard and play as long as you want. Chihuahuas love to go for walks and enjoy retrieving toys. They will run until they fall, so it is important to ensure they do not tire themselves out, especially during hot days.
Chihuahuas shouldn’t live outdoors. They can’t be trusted by raptors like coyotes and hawks. They are meant to be companions and should live with you.
It can be fun to train a Chihuahua. Although they are good at obedience and agility, basic obedience classes and puppy kindergarten are essential for Chihuahuas who are only a companion. Your Chihuahua can meet many dogs and people during class. This will help him socialize and teach him the manners that all dogs need.
Chihuahuas can be house trained as easily as any other breed, provided they are taken out on a regular basis. Puppies should go outside as soon as they get up, after each meal, after playtime and before bedtime. If you are unable to supervise them, a crate will be used to contain them. This will help them to control their bladder and keep them from getting into accidents. If they are not in a crate, you should take them out every one-two hours. Don’t keep them inside for more than four hours, except overnight.
Crate training, which is an alternative to housetraining, can be a gentle way to make sure your Chihuahua does not get into things that aren’t his. As with all dogs, Chihuahuas are destructive as puppies. Although they may not cause as much damage to their puppies as Lab dogs, those tiny teeth can leave their mark. If your Chihuahua needs to be boarding or hospitalized, crate training will help. However, you should not leave your Chihuahua inside a crate for more than a few hours. The crate is not meant to be a prison cell. He should only spend a few hours in the crate, unless he is sleeping at night. Chihuahuas can be people dogs and are not meant to live in a cage or kennel.
Positive reinforcement techniques like praise, food rewards, and play can be used to train your Chihuahua. He will soon learn everything you can teach him.
Daily recommended intake: 1/4 to 1/2 cup of high-quality dry foods per day.
Note: The amount of food your adult dog eats will depend on his age, build, metabolism, activity level, and size. Dogs are just like humans, they need different amounts of food. A dog that is active will require more food than a dog that is sedentary. It also matters what kind of dog food you purchase. The better the food, the more it will nourish your dog.
You can find more information about feeding your Chihuahua by reading our guide on buying the right food, feeding your puppy and feeding your adult dog.
Grooming and Coat Color
There are two types of coats for Chihuahuas: long and smooth. Smooth-coated Chihuahuas have a shiny, smooth coat that fits well to the body. The neck has thicker, longer, thicker hair. The tail is furry and the hair on the ears and head are shorter.
The soft, flat- or slightly curly-coated Chihuahua’s coat is either long- or short-haired. It’s nearly as smooth on the body as a smooth-coated Chihuahua. However, the ears have fringed hair and the plumed tail extends out like an umbrella over the back. His neck has a ruff and his feet have feathering, which is a longer hair on his feet. Long hair covering the hind legs resembles pants and is also found on his stomach. A frill is a longer hair that covers the stomach.
Chihuahuas come in two coats. They can also be found with a variety of markings and colors. You can choose from solid colors like black, white or fawn. They also come in tricolor (chocolate with tan and blue, for example), brindle, marked, merle, and many other markings. All colors can have shades that range from very light to very dark.
The Chihuahua can be walked and groomed in a matter of minutes. He can be groomed in a matter of minutes every week. For a short-haired Chihuahua, a rubber grooming mitt is sufficient. A brush with natural bristles or a shorter brush for short-haired Chihuahuas can be used. A pin brush is recommended for long-haired Chihuahuas. Use a fine-toothed flea brush to remove dead or loose hair.
Chihuahuas shed a small amount all year, but they can shed more in spring and autumn. This is a relative term for a small dog. The undercoat of the long-haired Chihuahua may be shed in small clumps. Regular brushing is a good way to keep the shedding under control.
A Chihuahua should not need to be bathed more often than once a month if they are brushing their fur regularly. Shampoo made for dogs will not dry out the skin and coat.
When grooming your Chihuahua, the ears are an important part to inspect. You should clean your inner ear with a cotton ball and a cleanser recommended for you by your veterinarian if there is an odor or wax. Do not reach into the inner ear beyond what you can see. Apply a little coconut oil or baby oil to the ears if they are dry at the edges.
Tear stains can develop under the eyes in some Chihuahuas. To remove any discharge, you can gently wipe your eyes with a cloth. There are also products that can be used to treat the stain.
The nails of a Chihuahua grow fast. Keep them short. They should not be too long if you hear them click on the ground. The less stressful it is to introduce your Chihuahua for nail trimming, the earlier. You should also inspect the pads for foreign objects and injuries.
Chihuahuas have poor dental health like many other small breeds. Their mouths will stay healthy if they are regularly brushed. To remove tartar or bacteria, brush your teeth at least twice a week. It’s better to brush them daily. It’s best to start when your puppy is young.
You should inspect your skin for any sores, rashes or signs of infection, such as redness or tenderness on the skin, ears, nose and mouth, eyes and feet. The ears should have a pleasant odour, with no gunk or wax inside. Eyes should also be clean and free of any redness or discharge. A weekly examination will allow you to spot potential health issues early.
Children and Other Pets
Although many Chihuahuas are fond of children, a small dog and a child can lead to disaster. If a child isn’t holding him correctly, a Chihuahua could jump from the hands of a child and injure his self. He will also defend himself against mistreatment. For fear of injury, many breeders won’t allow puppies to be sold to toddler-friendly homes. Chihuahuas thrive in homes with older, quiet children who can interact with them.
It should be a rule that children under the age of 6 years can’t pet or hold the Chihuahua while they are on the ground. Children should be taught how to touch and approach dogs. To prevent any unwanted interactions between children and dogs, supervise all interactions. Your child should never approach a dog while he is sleeping, eating, or trying to steal his food. A child should never leave a dog unattended.
Your family should have children. However, it is important that your Chihuahua be exposed to children when he is young. This will ensure that he doesn’t fear them later on in his life. You must supervise your Chihuahua carefully.
Chihuahuas are good with cats and other pets if they are introduced young. Fearless Chihuahuas can be bossy around larger dogs than they are, which may or may not cause problems. It is not uncommon for the smallest dog be the boss.
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